Official Journal of the College of Dentistry, University of Mosul

Submission Guidelines

Submissions to the Al-Rafidain Dental Journal are accepted through our online submission system. To start submission, please create an account and log in. The submitting author will take responsibility on behalf of all co-authors as the corresponding author of the submission and is required to enter full details including a working e-mail address, phone number, and address, in their online profile. All correspondence, including, but not limited to, the results of the initial evaluation, the Editor’s decision, and requests for revisions or proofreading will be sent to the e-mail address of the corresponding author, which will be published with the article.

Publication license and copyright

Upon submission, the authors are required to sign a license form for open-access publication of their work in the journal, granting the right to the "University of Mosul" to identify itself as the original publisher of the article. The authors are required to grant the "University of Mosul" and the journal an exclusive license for open-access publication of their articles with a Creative Commons Attribution license (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited. 


Authors should submit their manuscripts electronically through the journal website submission system to the editorial office at


RDENTJ editorial board did not restrict the number of authors for each submitted manuscript, either one or multiple authors; in many cases, the manuscripts with multiple authors give these manuscripts a strong scientific and literature structure, especially when authors share these ideas from different scientific or academic institutions. In such cases, an "author contribution" paragraph should be included when not all authors share equally in all experiment stages, result recording, data explanation, and final manuscript approval. If multiple authors were shared in one manuscript, all of them should pass the minimal requirements of authorship criteria, as explained previously; in addition, editor in chief can ask for more details about authorship contribution and explanation to be a part of the manuscript's authors if the editor in chief feel any kind or nepotism, the editor in chief can omit their names in the final accepted copy of the submitted manuscript. In addition, the writers should determine the sequence in which the authors' names appear. No one else comprehends their contributions and agreements as well as they do. If the authors have not disclosed the method for assigning an authorship order, readers cannot know and should not assume the importance of the authorship order. Ideally, authorship disputes should be settled locally before the journal peer review process starts; in special cases, the editor-in-chief may help to overcome these disputes. Suppose there are any changes in the authorship order or omitting authorship. In that case, these changes should be supported by a written request by all original authors at the different stages of the manuscript peer review process, acceptance, and publishing.



Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files (e.g., Word) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.



You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details

Ensure that the following items are present

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • All necessary files have been uploaded:
  • Cover letter form: click Cover letter form



5-1: The title page with authors includes:

  • Name of the author(s)
  • Affiliation
  • Email address


5-2: Main Manuscript

TITLE: size 16 Times New Roman

ABSTRACT: size 14 Time New Roman. In Arabic and English; of not more than 350 words for each. It should contain the following sub-headings: Aims, Materials and Methods, Results and Conclusions

KEYWORDS: Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords,  avoid using for example ( and, of, at, etc…).

INTRODUCTION: size 14 Times New Roman, clearly states the article's purpose and rationale of the study with pertinent references.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: size 14 Times New Roman, this includes the selection of observational and experimental subjects, identification of methods, apparatus, and procedures, and mention of the statistical analysis when appropriate.

RESULTS: size 14 Times New Roman, presented in logical sequence preferably with Tables and Illustrations emphasizing in the text only important observations.

DISCUSSION: size 14 Time New Roman, avoid repeating the results under discussion. Emphasize new study aspects and implications and relate them to other relevant studies.

CONCLUSIONS: size 14 Times New Roman.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: Mention at the end of the article before the references and do not include them on the title page. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., College members, providing work and language help, writing assistance, etc….).

FUNDING: The authors are required to declare all sources of funding for the research reported. The role of the funding body in the design of the study and collection, analysis, and interpretation of data and in writing the manuscript should be declared.


ETHICAL STATEMENT: By submitting this manuscript to the Al-Rafidain Dental Journal, all authors (should) confirm that the manuscript meets the ethical standards including proper statistical investigations and thorough ethical reviews by the data-owning organizations.

Authors of submissions reporting studies involving human participants, human data, or human tissues are required to provide the following information:

  • A statement on ethics approval and consent (even where the need for approval was waived).
  • The name of the ethics committee that approved the study and the committee’s reference number if appropriate.

- Submissions reporting studies involving animals must include a statement on ethics approval.

- If the submission does not report on or involve the use of any animals or human data or tissues, please state “Not applicable” in this section.

CONFLICT OF INTERESTDeclare conflicts of interest or state "The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this manuscript". Authors must identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of reported research results.


REFERENCES: size 14 Time New Roman, References are listed consecutively in the order they are first mentioned in the text using Arabic numbers (Vancouver style). In-text references consist of consecutive numbers formatted in superscript and placed after the period. These references should appear in a numbered list on a separate page at the end of the paper. They should contain the following elements of information appropriate name(s) of the author(s), the title of the article or book, name of the journal, year, volume number, page range [for books, name of the publisher (commercial or institutional) and place of publication (City and Country) should also include].

Vancouver Style References, article example:

Abdulla MA, Ali H Kh, Jamel RS. CAD-CAM Technology: A Literature Review. Al – Rafidain Dent J. 2020;20(1):95-113.

Vancouver Style References, Book example:

Malamed SF. Handbook of local anesthesia. 7th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier; 2020.


TABLES AND FIGURES: Please submit tables as editable text, not images. They should be typed on separate sheets from the text, numbered sequentially, and attached to the end of the paper. Each Figure and Table should be referred to in the text. Table and illustrations should be marked so that each Table and Figure should be self-explanatory without the need to return to the text. Suppose any Figure, Table, or other materials have been copied from other resources. In that case, authors are responsible for securing the necessary permission mentioned in the footnotes of each Table or Figure. Number tables consecutively by their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.

5-3: Further considerations
• Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar checked'.
• All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa.
• Permission has been obtained for the use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
• A competing interests statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare.
• Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed.
• Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements.

Finalizing submission

The submitting author may finalize the submitting process using the “Submit” button. After this stage, the authors will not be able to modify their submission, unless required and authorized by the journal.