Document Type : Research Paper


1 Nineveh Health Directorate, Ministry of Health, Mosul, Iraq

2 Pedodontic,Orthodontic,Preventive Dentistry Department College of Dentsitry University of Mosul Mosul Iraq


Aims: Mothers play primary role in the health of their children and the oral health of the mother is a crucial part of her general health and could have an effect on the baby’s health. The study aimed to determine the relationship between maternal periodontal disease and the health status of newborns using Apgar scores in relation to maternal oral/periodontal parameters (loss of attachment, pocket depth, and bleeding on probing). Materials and Methods: The case group included 100 pregnant women with periodontal disease, while the control group included 100 pregnant women without periodontal disease. In both groups, periodontal parameters such as loss of attachment (LoA), pocket depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BoP), and Apgar scores were recorded. Mann-Whitney Test and Spearman’s correlation coefficient were used investigate the relationship between periodontal parameters LoA, PD, and BoP on one hand and Apgar score on the other. Results: No significant associations between Apgar scores and maternal periodontal index scores were discovered. Conclusions: Within all limitations of this study, it was concluded that there was no direct relationship between maternal periodontal health and infant health status was found.


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