Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Mosul, Nineveh, Iraq

2 Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Mosul


Aims: This study aims to evaluate the shear bond strength of three types of dual-cure self-adhesive resin cement (SARCs) bonded to three different substrates with detection types of failure, EDX analysis for substrates, control substrate, and after three resin cement applications. Materials and methods: Thirty specimens from enamel and the same number from dentin and zirconia are prepared. Zirconia discs prepared by CAD-CAM system. Dental specimens prepared from intact surface 3rd molar for enamel and premolar for dentin. After teeth sectioning, all specimens are embedded in auto-cure acrylic resin in a plastic tube. All specimens were polished with sandpaper and zirconia sandblasting, rubber mold was fixed on the surface of the specimen. Three types of dual-cures (SARCs) were applied on the surface of the specimens and after curing the specimens were kept in distilled water at 37 ºC inside the incubator for 24 hours. Then specimens subjected to shear bond strength on a universal test machine after the failure occurs specimens examined under a stereomicroscope to detect the mode of failure.  Three control specimens enamel, dentin, and zirconia without any treatment, and nine were from failure specimens send to EDX analysis. Results: The results of this study analyzed with SPSS 25 edition, results showed no significant difference in shear bond strength (SBS) between the three (SARCs) bonds to enamel substrate, while in dentin and zirconia, there was a significant difference in SBS between self-adhesive resin cement. Failure mode detected under the stereomicroscope examination shows no significant difference between the three substrates in failure mode when the bond to BisCem® and TheraCem®Ca, but RelyX™U200 showed a significant difference. EDX analysis shows the presence of Calcium, Phosphorus ions on the zirconia surface when TheraCem®Ca was applied while not present when using the other two types of cement. The amount of calcium and phosphorus ions different from one specimen to another related to the type of substrate and the cement when compare with the control group. Conclusion: TheraCem ®Ca showed improvement in SBS to zirconia due to its composition such as acidic monomer MDP and calcium and phosphorus ions. BisCem and RelyXU200 show better performance with tooth structure and comparable results with zirconia.


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