Effect of NaOCl and EDTA as Post Space Cleansing Solutions on the Bond Strength of Resin Cements to Root Canal Dentin (An in vitro Study)
Al-Rafidain Dental Journal,
2013, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 266-274
AbstractAims: To evaluate the regional bond strength of four resin-based luting cements to post space dentin after irrigating with different irrigant solutions regimens. Materials and Methods: Eighty extracted human lower premolars were decoronated, instrumented, and obturated. Post space was prepared in each root, then randomly divided into four groups (n=20) according to the final irrigation regimen for the post space, Gp.1: distilled water (DW) control; Gp.2: 5.25% NaOCl+DW; Gp.3: 17%EDTA+DW; Gp.4: 5.25%NaOCl+17% EDTA+DW. Each group was further subdivided into four subgroups (n=5) according to the luting cements, Gp.(1,2,3,4)A (Vivaglass®Liner); Gp.(1,2,3,4)B (PermaCem®-Dual); Gp.(1,2,3,4)C (Variolink II); Gp.(1,2,3,4) D (LuxaCore®Z-Dual), then each post-space was sectioned horizontally into three slices. A push-out test was performed to measure regional bond strengths and the fracture modes was evaluated using a stereomicroscope. Results: The use of 5.25% NaOCl+17% EDTA+DW result in higher bond strength than other treatments. While the control group gives the lowest. (LuxaCore®Z-Dual) showed the highest bond strength than other resin cements. (Vivaglass®Liner) gives the lowest bond strength. The regional bond strengths decreased significantly toward the apical third. The failure mode recorded was mostly adhesive in nature except for groups (3D,4D) showed some mixed failure at the coronal third. Conclusions: NaOCl+ EDTA flush had a profound effect on resin bond strength to radicular dentin. (LuxaCore®Z-Dual) composite core buildup material exhibited the higher regional bond strength to radicular dentin. The regional bond strength decreased from coronal to apical direction.
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