Keywords : ProTaper
Al-Rafidain Dental Journal,
2022, Volume 22, Issue 1, Pages 113-123
Aims: Assess the quantity of apical extruded debris after instrumentation with ProTaper universal files, K3 files, and Wave One reciprocating file. Materials and Methods: Thirty lower premolars were used in this study. Teeth were randomly divided into 3 groups each one contained 10 samples as follow: Group1- Teeth were prepared with ProTaper universal files. Group2- Teeth were prepared with K3 files. Group3- Teeth were prepared with Wave One file. Debris that was apically extruded during canals preparation was collected in the centrifuge tubes, which previously were weighed. Centrifuge tubes were put for 5 days in the incubator with temperature of 70 °C to allow evaporation of moisture. After that centrifuge tubes that contained debris were weighed, and quantity of extruded debris was determined via subtraction the initial weight of centrifuge tube from the final weight of same tube, then collected data was analyzed statistically. Results: Statistical analysis revealed that, ProTaper group showed highest amount of apical extruded debris followed by Wave One group and, K3 group showed least amount of apical extruded debris. The difference between ProTaper group and Wave One group was not significant, but both of them had significant difference with K3 group. Conclusions: Within the limits of the current study, preparation of root canals with K3 files is better than other groups in terms of less extrusion of apical debris.
Evaluation of Two Rotary Nickel-Titanium Systems for Gutta Percha Removal during Endodontic Retreatment
Al-Rafidain Dental Journal,
2013, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 21-28
Aims: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of two rotary systems (RaCe and ProTaper) compared with hand files, in the removal of gutta percha during retreatment. Retreatment time, amount of apically extruded debris, and procedural errors were also evaluated. Materials and Methods: Forty extracted mandibular premolars were instrumented to size 30 and obturated with lat-eral condensed gutta percha. Then teeth were randomly divided into four groups, 10 teeth each. Re-moval was performing with chloroform and one of the following techniques: (I) Hedstrom and K-files, (II) Hedstrom and hand ProTaper, (III) Rotary ProTaper, and (IV) RaCe. Retreatment times, apically extruded debris, and broken instrument were recorded. The root split longitudinally viewed under ste-reomicroscope at (10 X) photograph are taken, and then the area of remaining filling material and whole area of the canal were measured using SigmaScan software. Data were analyzed statistically using one way ANOVA and Tukey test. Results: The two rotary systems left significantly less remain-ing filling material, faster, and produce less amount of apically extruded debris compared to hand files. There was no significant difference between the two rotary systems, but there was significant differ-ence between the two hand files regarding the amount of remaining filling materials. Only RaCe exhib-its no fracture instruments during retreatment. Conclusions: The two rotary systems were found to be effective and faster in removing gutta percha during endodontic retreatment.